Most frequent diseases of women

About the most common male diseases, read our article on this topic.

Due to many reasons, including biological, psychological and sociocultural, women are more susceptible to certain diseases. Below, we will describe the five diseases most common for women.

Depression

About 1 out of 8 women may suffer from clinical depression due to hormonal fluctuations

Depression is mental disorder characterized by the state of frustration, when a person is unable to enjoy life and has negative thoughts and lowered self-esteem. Women are much more emotional than men, and almost twice as likely to suffer from depression. Genetic predisposition and hormonal fluctuations, especially during pregnancy and menopause, are the main biological causes of the disease. Psychological reasons include constantly getting worked up, as well as being overly attached in a relationship. All this can provoke depressive states, along with a short light day, insufficient sunlight, sedentary lifestyle, and poorly balanced diet. That is why a comprehensive approach is required to diagnose and treat depression.

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Glaucoma

 Glaucoma includes a group of diseases associated with increased eye pressure, resulting  in  weakened vision and optic nerve atrophy. In women, the risk of glaucoma is three times higher, compared to men. Unfortunately, there are not many relevant studies, but hypothetically, this may be due to a decrease of the level of estrogen which protects the optic nerve. Genetic predisposition also needs to be taken into account  – it increases the chances of developing glaucoma 2 to 4 times. Regular visits to the ophthalmologist can help to avoid many of negative effects of glaucoma. People who suffer from this disease are recommended to visit the eye doctor at least once a year, for everyone else this kind of a check-up is needed every two years.

Celiac disease

Celiac disease or, in simple terms, intolerance to gluten and similar proteins of other cereals. Small intestine vorsels are damaged, which prevents proper digestion. Patients with this type of allergy are recommended to have only special gluten-free food. Women are known to suffer from gluten intolerance 2-3 times more frequently than men, and the disease becomes manifest at the age of 6 months to 1 year, when complementary foods are introduced into the child’s diet.

Celiac disease is usually associated with the fact that hormones progesterone and estrogen are directly related to gluten sensitivity. The disease manifests itself during the menopause, with the hormonal change of the whole organism.

In developed countries today, a wide range of gluten-free products, including bread, cereals and desserts, are available in the market. The regular menu of many restaurants in major Swiss cities includes special cereal dishes without gluten. However, this trend has not yet fully gained strength elsewhere, so people with celiac disease can resort to the services of professional consultants on healthy eating. The consultation with a Swiss nutritionist can be requested via the web: simply connect online from your PC in Russia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine or Kazakhstan and get comprehensive medical help with your matter from a country where dietetics is among the most developed in the world. All you need is to sign-up for a video consultation – at www.airdoc.ch, for example.

Rheumatoid artritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a complex autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and pain in joints. Although in men it is more pronounced, women are 2-3 times more likely to have it developed. Its causes are still not fully clear – researchers suggest that it is  hereditary and develops as a result of an infection that causes damage to the immune system. 

Alzheimer disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia, when the patients’ memory volumes decrease and they face mental and behavior problems. Alzheimer’s disease entails mass reduction of the various brain sections. People of over 65 are usually diagnosed with it, but an early form also exists – though it is quire rare.

Research identified that memory volume decrease occurs twice as fast in women compared to men. In addition, more amyloid plaques, which are considered indicators of the disease, were identified in women.

While it is impossible to stop dementia completely, its progression can be slowed down. In Switzerland, for this purpose professional medical specialists in age-related brain changes create charitable societies and groups which allow people suffering from these diseases to be engaged in dedicated intellectual and physical activities to slow the course of the disease. If the disease has not reached its final stage yet, the groups enable patients communicate with new people, go to walks together and attend specially organized entertainment programs. During this time, the relatives of patients with dementia can have some rest and settle their own affairs. In Switzerland, families of people with age-related brain changes have an opportunity to attend specially organized thematic seminars and trainings, where they are helped to cope with the situation. All these measures are aimed to inhibit the disease, and help patients and their family members to maintain a decent life quality.