7 most popular surgery types

New technologies in medicine have made countless ssurgeries much more affordable and effective for residents of the whole world. WHO studies show that every year about 50 million people travel outside their country to receive medical care.

By the number of people wishing to change their appearance, South Korea, Brazil and the United States are now leading, but each place in its own way. In Asia, women and men often change eyelids and noses, in Brazil the most popular procedure is breast augmentation, and in the US, surgical weight loss and abdominoplasty are in demand. Residents of Russia and CIS countries prefer to go to medical treatment in countries where medicine is at a high level of development – to Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Israel. As a rule, this concerns patients with problems in the field of cardiology and oncological diseases. Swiss clinics are considered to be among the best ones in these areas, offering the most modern methods of treatment, including a gamma- and cyber-knife for non-invasive treatment of tumors. Aesthetic surgery is also popular among residents of Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine and Azerbaijan – various facial corrections, breasts, liposuction and other plastic surgeries. Next, we will consider what people want to change in themselves most often.

Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation can be carried out in two ways, surgical and non-surgical way. During the surgical intervention, a silicone or salt implant is inserted, during which the entire shape of the breast changes. In the non-surgical variant of the procedure, the patient’s own fat tissue is pumped into the chest, which is usually taken from the abdomen (usually, the breast enlargement surgery is combined with a tummy tuck). Often, the installation of the implant is combined with the injection of adipose tissue into the chest.

Another non-surgical procedure that has been gaining popularity recently is breast enhancement with the help of internal threads which help the breast stay in shape and not sag with time.

In Switzerland, such procedures are widely represented and conducted by some oft eh world’s best doctors. The surgeon uses implants of the highest quality and only silicone with a special anti-slip coating, so that the risk of obtaining undesirable changes in shape or complications after the intervention is minimal, and the latest technology in conducting surgeries provides an excellent result even after many years.

Changing the shape of the nose

Rhinoplasty or a change in the shape of the nose includes a change in the structure of the nasal cartilage, bones and tissues. With the help of rhinoplasty one can get rid of problems with sleep, permanent nasal congestion or simply improve their appearance. It’s not a secret, that most of the world-scale stars had their nose surgically changed. Nose certainly plays a big role in one’s appearance and if you don’t like yours, then rhinoplasty will only benefit you. After one gets rid of the irritating factor in his appearance, they become much more confident in themself and the level of their anxiety decreases in general.

Recent developments in rhinoplasty include various options with cartilaginous implants. There is an open rhinoplasty technique that allows the surgeon to better see the nasal cavity and, accordingly, better perform the job. Open rhinoplasty is needed when there is a lot of work to be done. In one of the Swiss clinics, before the surgery, the plastic surgeon must first send you for examination to the ENT, in order to diagnose the presence of difficulty in breathing and the possibility of ist occurrence during the operation. After that, you can see a computer model of the future nose, and you can discuss all the details with your surgeon and ENT. Surgeries on the nose in Switzerland are often carried out by specialists who had received two professional educations – as an otolaryngologist and as a plastic surgeon. In this case, the scope of such doctors is limited to ears, nose , throat and correspondingly, plastic in these areas. Narrow specialization of the doctor guarantees you the highest quality of the surgery (narrow specialization of physicians is very common in Switzerland). The operation is carried out within 1-2 hours. The age, at which surgery to improve the shape of the nose can be performed in Switzerland, must be over 18 years. But under certain circumstances (early development and change of the shape of the nose), the doctor can make an exception and perform an aesthetic operation after teh patient reaches 16 years of age. Of course, in the case of birth defects, surgeries are carried out at an early age.

Rhinoplasty is so popular, because it is one of the easiest and most successful ways to change your appearance.

Dental implants

Dental implants are artificial teeth that are implanted in the patient’s jaw at the site of the removed teeth, using a metal structure. Dental implants look absolutely natural, they like the patients’s own teeth and, since they are attached to the jawbone, they can serve you all your life.

Dental implants help people recover their smile and self-confidence.

Nowadays, implantation of teeth has become much more accessible, since now – in the leading clinics – you can go through the entire procedure of implantation in just a few sessions, minimizing the traumatic component of the process. Of course, the speed of the procedure will depend on how much work is to be done (if you plan to replace one, two teeth or both jaws ), as well as on the state of your teeth (whether pre-treatment, sanitation of the oral cavity is required) and on the reaction of your body (for example, whether you take blood thinning medications, whether you are prone to bleeding, the condition of your gums and teeth). However, one should take into account the promises of dental clinics to “make you a new full smile in one day” with caution – this is a frivolous approach aimed at quick profit, not the right comfort and treatment of the patient. Also, you should seriously consider whether to carry out all procedures under full or partial anesthesia, or even whether you’d prefer the usual anaesthetic shot. Responsibly approach this issue, weigh all the pros and cons and once again consult with doctors, translators or patients who have already been through this procedure. A smile should not only be beautiful, it is equally important that you feel comfortable with your new teeth.

IVF (in vitro fertilization)

IVF (in vitro fertilization) is a very common procedure today. The reasons why couples resort to artificial insemination may be very different. Thus, IVF is used for treatment of adhesions or damage to fallopian tubes, of ovulation disorders, of problems with the viability or mobility of spermatozoa, and also in case of an unclear genesis of infertility. According to statistics, doctors can not explain about 30% of cases of infertility. Usually, when IVF is carried out, a fertilized egg is inserted into the uterus of the future mother or surrogate mother.

In recent studies, a new method for selecting the most enduring embryos has been identified, which maximizes the chances of pregnancy. Now, according to statistics, more than a third of embryos get accustomed, so the chance of getting pregnant with twins during IVF is rather big, because usually one to four fertilized cells get planted in a woman’s uterus. In Switzerland, as a rule, doctors introduce two, or maximally three zygotes into the uterus.


Angioplasty is a procedure that facilitates the opening of blocked cardiac vessels. The surgery is performed in the cardiac catheterization laboratory by a cardiac surgeon, as well as by nurses and technicians specializing in cardiovascular surgery. During the procedure of angioplasty, the risks of complications during the operation and after it are extremely small, and the probability of a successful outcome is very high.

Recently, a new method of balloon angioplasty was invented, when the balloon itself carries a special stent covered with a special solution that prevents possible re-narrowing of the vessel walls.

In the clinics of Switzerland, only stents of the best manufacturers are used, which guarantees the longevity of a stent’s service and the absence of complications. The qualification of local surgeons and the latest equipment allow performing surgeries of any complexity, including the most difficult ones. Stenting operations are performed both with general anesthesia and with spinal anesthesia.

Hip Endoprosthetics

If all means in the fight against pain in the joint are tried and do not help, doctors resort to a cardinal solution of the problem – joint prosthesis. Usually, the prosthesis is made of metal and plastic. In Switzerland, surgeons use for example titanium – a hypoallergenic prosthesis. Their surface is rough, so the bone tissue adapts to and grows into them. This is why the prosthesis of the hip joints does not use cement. During the surgery, the diseased joint is removed and places an artificial one in its place.

Earlier, surgeons made incisions of 20-25 cm in length, but now, with the development of technology, it became possible to carry out operations with a minimum of damage to adjacent tissues. Minimally invasive operating technique allows to preserve the musculature of the hip area, to make postoperative therapy simple, and the period of patient recovery fast. Around a week later (and more often after 5 days) patients are allowed to return home, and in three weeks they can put way their crutches. An additional bonus for minimally invasive operations are neat, small, unobtrusive sutures, because the aesthetic side of the issue is also important.

The surgical technique is sparing and minimally invasive (the approach scheme during the operation from one of the Swiss surgeons-orthopedists, private-associate professor Fabian von Knoch MD).

The replacement of the hip joint becomes an increasingly frequent operation, since it allows people with damaged joints to regain mobility.

Two-sided minimally invasive total hip joint prosthetics. In the middle on the X-ray is the protective screen. The image is taken after the surgery that von Knoch MD has conducted in one of the private clinics in Zurich. The material is published with his permission.

Bypass of the stomach

This is a small surgical operation, which involves the separation of the stomach into two parts – a large one and a small one, to each of which the small intestine is brought. This operation is designed to treat obesity, hypertension and sleep apnea. Recently, the compression of the stomach with an adjustable strap (which helps to reduce body weight) has become popular, too.